The Official Website of the Office of His Eminence Al-Sayyid Ali Al-Husseini Al-SistaniUpdateshttp://www.sistani.org/Archive » Questions from BBC about some inappropriate practices, and the responses to them<p> </p> <p>The office of his eminence Al-Sayyed Al-Sistani received on the 25th of September 2019 several questions from the BBC Special Correspondent Nawal al-Maghafi. Following is a summary of these questions:</p> <p>1. We have recorded footage that two religious clerics in Iraq, who describe themselves as followers of the Grand Ayatollah Al-Sayyed Ali Al-Sistani, are in contravention to Iraqi law, through providing or offering to provide women for temporary marriage. They charge money for this “service”, which is considered sex trade.<br />Does the office of his eminence condemn these practices that we have demonstrated?</p> <p>2. We have recordings showing religious clerics giving religious advice that it is permissible to conduct marriages with children under the legal age in Iraq, which is 15 years old. Some of those religious clerics refer to girls who are very young, and they specify the sexual activities which they claim to be permissible.<br />Does the office of his eminence condemn such advice given from religious clerics?</p> <p>3. In previous editions of the book “Minhaj Al-Saliheen -Transactions”, his eminence wrote that it is permissible to engage in sexual activity, other than intercourse, with a wife who has not reached the age of puberty. We are aware that this advice was not included in the most recently available edition.<br />Could his eminence clarify his religious advice in this regard?</p> <p class="c"> </p> <p><span class="b">Answer</span>:</p> <p class="c">The Office of Al-Sayyed Al-Sistani<br />Holy Najaf - Iraq</p> <p class="c">In the name of Allah the most compassionate the most merciful</p> <p class="c">Peace, mercy and blessings of Allah be upon you.</p> <p>1. Such practices, if they exist as you have mentioned, are surely condemned and denounced. Those who are truly followers of the Marjiya (Religious Authority) would not commit such acts. In fact temporary marriage, which is allowed in the Shia Imamiya school of thought, and similarly the permanent marriage, which can be based on relinquishing all rights but the right of copulation, cannot be used as a means for sex trade as stated, as that would disgrace the dignity of a woman and her humanity. Hence, those who follow such practices are corrupted individuals, and they are abusing religion to fulfil their illicit objectives.<br />The pure Islamic religion and in particular the belief of the followers of Ahlul-Bayt (peace be upon them) upholds the virtues of decency, chastity and respect of dignity for both men and women equally, and it cares about the conservation and protection of family as an integral unit for a healthy society without overlooking the natural needs of the human. And it is not permissible to distort and pervert any religious edicts in a way which would violate these lofty aims and principal values.<br />Hence, it is incumbent upon the relevant official authorities to take deterrent legal action against such disgraceful behaviour, wherever that may be. However, what is noticeable unfortunately is the weakness of the rule of law in this country, which has allowed some to carry out a range of illegitimate practices, until it reached the point of running brothels and promoting them.<br />2. This is also condemned and the same applies as described above. We emphasise on the necessity for the relevant official authorities to prosecute those who appear with religious attire, and yet conduct such acts, or promote such practices which entail extremely bad effects on society, and the status of religion in the minds of people.<br />3. Marriage of the young - of a male who has not reached puberty to a female who has not reached puberty - was until recently very common in many Eastern societies, and hence the book of religious rulings included some of its rules in its previous versions, but it was observed that it had receded at current times, and that was removed in the latest versions. What we wish to emphasise is that the parent of a girl cannot give permission for her marriage unless it is in her interest, and most often there is no interest in her marriage until she reaches physical maturity and mental preparedness for sexual activity, as it is also not in her interest to marry in contravention to law which would make her liable for unnecessary repercussions and problems.</p> <p class="c">26 Muharram 1441<br />26 September 2019</p> <p class="c"> </p> <p class="c"><img src="/files-new/Archeives/1441h/26-9-2019.jpeg" alt="" /> </p>http://www.sistani.org/english/archive/26348/Question & Answer » What is the ruling of women over the age of sixty who see blood, is it considered as Haydh or Istihadha?<div style="background-color:#ffd;color:maroon;">What is the ruling of women over the age of sixty who see blood, is it considered as Haydh or Istihadha?<div>The bleeding that women above the age of sixty (lunar years) experience is not ruled as Haydh, and as obligatory precaution it is considered as Istihadha, and there is no difference in ruling if she was a Sayyidah or not. As for the bleeding between the age of fifty and sixty years (lunar) years it is considered Haydh, if it has the attributes of her menstruation (monthly period), whether she was a Sayyidah or not. *Sixty lunar years is equivalent to approximately fifty eight solar years and eighty days. *A Sayyidah is a female descendant of Hashim, the great grandfather of Prophet Mohammed (Peace be upon him).http://www.sistani.org/english/qa/26338/Question & Answer » What is the ruling of recitation or memorisation of...<div style="background-color:#ffd;color:maroon;">What is the ruling of recitation or memorisation of the holy Quran during the days where a lady is in the state of her monthly period (Haydh), or Janabah , or Nifas?<div>There is no problem in the recitation or memorisation of the holy Quran in such situations, except for the verses for which prostration (Sajdah) is obligatory. These verses are found in four chapters of the Quran: Surat al-Sajdah (Chapter 32) Verse 15 Surah Fussilat (Chapter 41) Verse 37 Surah al-Najm (Chapter 53) Verse 62 Surah al-Alaq (Chapter 96) Verse 19http://www.sistani.org/english/qa/26337/Question & Answer » For the female lady who is on her monthly period (Haydh) can she partake in a marriage contract (Aqid Nikah)?<div style="background-color:#ffd;color:maroon;">For the female lady who is on her monthly period (Haydh) can she partake in a marriage contract (Aqid Nikah)?<div>There is no problem in it.http://www.sistani.org/english/qa/26336/Question & Answer » For the female lady who is on her monthly period –...<div style="background-color:#ffd;color:maroon;">For the female lady who is on her monthly period – Haydh (or similar situation), to what extent can they get close to the shrine of the Imams (peace be upon them)?<div>Sitting in the courtyards and outer parts of the building of the shrine of the infallible Imams which are not designated as a mosque (Masjid) is permissible. However in the building in which the shrine of the infallible Imam (as) is located, based on obligatory precaution, she is not allowed to sit there but she is allowed to enter from a door and exit from another.http://www.sistani.org/english/qa/26335/Question & Answer » Is it problematic for women in menstruation to listen...<div style="background-color:#ffd;color:maroon;">Is it problematic for women in menstruation to listen to the live recitation of the verses of obligatory prostration (Sajdah)?<div>Listening is not Haram (not prohibited); however, if they listen to the recitation of the verses of obligatory prostration (Sajdah) they must perform prostration (Sajdah) instantly.http://www.sistani.org/english/qa/26334/Question & Answer » What is the ruling of sexual intercourse with ones wife during her menstrual period?<div style="background-color:#ffd;color:maroon;">What is the ruling of sexual intercourse with ones wife during her menstrual period?<div>Vaginal sexual intercourse is unlawful for the man and the woman during her state of Haydh (menstruation), and anal sexual intercourse based on obligatory precaution with a woman without her consent is not permitted.http://www.sistani.org/english/qa/26333/Question & Answer » When a woman is in in her menstruation (Haydh - monthly...<div style="background-color:#ffd;color:maroon;">When a woman is in in her menstruation (Haydh - monthly period) can she recite more than seven verses from the holy Quran?<div>Except for the four verses of obligatory prostration – Sajdah – which are not permitted to recite during the state of menstruation – Haydh, reciting more than seven verses of the holy Quran is permitted, and according to some jurists it is disapproved – Makrooh – hereby meaning that the reward of its recitation is less.http://www.sistani.org/english/qa/26332/Question & Answer » Up to what age does the ruling of Haydh apply for women?<div style="background-color:#ffd;color:maroon;">Up to what age does the ruling of Haydh apply for women?<div> The bleeding that women above the age of sixty lunar years’ experience is not ruled as Haydh (menstruation). *Sixty lunar years is equivalent to approximately fifty eight solar years and eighty days.http://www.sistani.org/english/qa/26331/Question & Answer » When discussing the rulings of Haydh or Istihadha, how many hours are meant by three days or ten days?<div style="background-color:#ffd;color:maroon;">When discussing the rulings of Haydh or Istihadha, how many hours are meant by three days or ten days?<div>Three days is considered as 72 hours from the commencement of bleeding, and ten days as 240 hours. However, if for instance, bleeding commenced at 10:00 pm on Saturday (bleeding starts at night not at day), then one is not required to wait till 10:00 pm on Tuesday, rather on sunset of Tuesday will be the completion of three days, and also the sunset of the following Tuesday will be the completion of 10 days.http://www.sistani.org/english/qa/26307/Question & Answer » Is it permissible for a female to ride a horse?<div style="background-color:#ffd;color:maroon;">Is it permissible for a female to ride a horse?<div>It is not permissible if it causes sexual arousal, to her or the one viewing.http://www.sistani.org/english/qa/26296/Question & Answer » Can a woman wear a wig and show the wig hair (synthetic or natural hair) to a non-Mahram?<div style="background-color:#ffd;color:maroon;">Can a woman wear a wig and show the wig hair (synthetic or natural hair) to a non-Mahram?<div>It must be coveredhttp://www.sistani.org/english/qa/26294/Question & Answer » Is invocation of spirits (Jinn) permissible?<div style="background-color:#ffd;color:maroon;">Is invocation of spirits (Jinn) permissible?<div>If it puts a person in harm’s way, it is harãm, and therefore forbidden. http://www.sistani.org/english/qa/26287/Question & Answer » Is the chin obligatory to be covered as a form of...<div style="background-color:#ffd;color:maroon;">Is the chin obligatory to be covered as a form of Hijab, or is it part of the face, and not obligatory to be covered?<div>When the woman wears Hijab, usually her head, neck and body is covered, including the chin and some extra area, this part is not compulsory to cover.http://www.sistani.org/english/qa/26286/